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Risk factors for the development of venous stasis ulcers

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    by Hratch Karamanoukian MD FACS RVT RPhS RPVI DABVLM

    What are known risk factors for theee developent of venous stasis ulcers ?

    The primary underlying mechanism for venous ulcer formation isnvenous reflux (incompetence) or obstruction.

    Bonkemeyer Milan and colleagues have sumarized the known risk factors for the developent of veenous stasis ulcers:

    age 55 years or older

    family history of chronic venous insufficiency

    higher body mass index

    history of pulmonary embolism

    superficial/deep venous thrombosis of the lower extremity

    skeletal or joint disease

    higher number of pregnancies

    parental history of ankle ulcers

    physical inactivity

    history of ulcers

    severe lipodermatosclerosis

    venous reflux in deep veins

    Bonkemeyer Milan S, Gan R, Townsend PE.  Venous ulcers:  diagnosis and treeatment.  Am Fam Physician 2019; 100: 298-305.